Advanced Genetic Genealogy


Course Coordinator: CeCe Moore

Course Instructors:

  • Elizabeth Balkite, MS, CGC
  • Blaine Bettinger, Ph.D., J.D.
  • Brianne Kirkpatrick, MS, LGC
  • Debbie Parker-Wayne, CG CGL

If you believe that you are ready to graduate from the basics of genetic genealogy and take the next step in genetic genealogy education, then this is the course for you. Be prepared for a fast-paced learning experience intended for the genealogist who has experience applying DNA testing to family history research and has a strong foundational understanding of genetic genealogy concepts.

We will demonstrate and discuss methods used by expert genetic genealogists to get the most out of DNA results, utilizing all four types of DNA, in conjunction with documentary evidence to advance knowledge of an individual’s family tree. Genetic genealogy’s application to unknown parentage search will also be examined and resources explored for when unexpected results are encountered.  We will end each day with a discussion session to enhance and reinforce the day’s coursework.

Upon completion of this course, students will have gained insight into how to take their own genetic genealogy research to the next level and what it takes to assist others in this pursuit.


Attendees must have an excellent understanding of genetic genealogy foundational concepts and experience with applying DNA to genealogical research. The following will meet the prerequisites of this course:

  1. Completion of a Genetic Genealogy course offered through GRIP in 2014 or 2015
  2. Completion of a Genetic Genealogy course offered through SLIG in 2014 – 2016
  3. Completion of the Unknown Parentage and DNA Course through FGI in 2015

If you do not meet one of these prerequisites, you have the option of composing a case study to submit to the course coordinator demonstrating your knowledge.

If you have any questions regarding your qualifications for this course, please email the course coordinator at



8:15 – 8:30 – Introduction and Welcome, CeCe Moore

8:30 – 9:45 — The Science of Genetic Genealogy, Blaine Bettinger

Advanced genetic genealogy requires a more fundamental understanding of genetics. Together we will examine some essential concepts including recombination, IBD v. IBS, heteroplasmies and others, including how these concepts inescapably define the results of genetic genealogy testing.

10:15 – 11:30 — Autosomal DNA: Beyond the Basics, CeCe Moore

Understanding key concepts necessary to go to the next level with autosomal DNA research, including the scope of atDNA, realistic expectations of the depth of coverage, randomness of inheritance and expected percentages versus observed ranges among other subjects.

1:00 – 2:15 — Y-DNA: Beyond the Basics, Blaine Bettinger

Y-STRs were just the beginning. Y-DNA is finally coming into its own as the timeframe of STRs and the timeframe SNPs finally converge to provide a more complete picture of the human family tree than ever imagined. In addition, we’ll learn about some advanced concepts such as the dueling theories of convergence and lack-of-divergence, and more!

2:45 – 4:00 — mtDNA and X-DNA: Beyond the Basics, CeCe Moore

Genetic genealogists tend to downplay the potential of mitochondrial DNA and X-DNA to help us learn more about our genealogy. This session will explore how they can enhance our research.

4:00 – 4:30 — Q&A/Discussion Session


8:30 – 9:45 — Digging Deeper with Autosomal DNA, CeCe Moore

Six years of utilizing autosomal DNA for family history research while working with a vast amount of data has given us a deeper understanding of autosomal DNA’s best uses, limitations and potential. We will examine what we have learned in the context of applying atDNA results to genealogy.

10:15 – 11:30 — Advanced Applications for Third Party Tools, Blaine Bettinger

We will explore some of the advanced third-party tools that are commonly skipped over in beginning genetic genealogy courses, including Phasing, Matching Segment Search, Lazarus, and Triangulation tools. How can you utilize those tools to enhance your genetic genealogy research?

1:00 – 2:15 — Deep Dive into AncestryDNA: Datamining, CeCe Moore

AncestryDNA may not have a chromosome browser, however their tools and features can be incredibly useful to the genealogist seeking to harness the power of atDNA to confirm the paper trail and discover new avenues of research. Learn how to get the most from AncestryDNA results.

2:45 – 4:00 — The Genealogist as Citizen Scientist, Blaine Bettinger

Crowd-sourced projects such as the Shared cM Project have gathered data from thousands of genetic genealogists to shed light on important genealogical questions. Learn about some of the important discoveries made by genetic genealogists.

4:00 – 4:30 — Q&A/Discussion Session


8:30 – 9:45 — Reporting and Citing DNA Results, Debbie Parker Wayne

Whether working for clients or our own family, DNA findings must be reported and cited as we do documentary research. This session covers principles and examples of reporting and citing in a way that is understandable to a novice while including details needed by a knowledgeable reader.

10:15 – 11:30 — Ethical and Legal Considerations, Blaine Bettinger

Similar to other types of genealogical records, such as adoption and vital records, DNA testing can raise ethical concerns. We will examine some of these ethical concerns and discuss ways to ensure that direct-to-consumer DNA testing remains unregulated.

1:00 – 2:15 – Ethnicity and Admixture Part I, CeCe Moore

Admixture or “ethnicity” predictions are the aspect of genetic genealogy that seems to be the most appealing to the general public. We can thank this feature, in large part, for our quickly growing atDNA databases. In this session we will look beyond the numbers and explore what these predictions are really telling us.

2:45 – 4:00 — Ethnicity and Admixture Part II, CeCe Moore

This session will continue discussion on the potential of ancestral origin predictions from atDNA and haplogroup data from Y-DNA and mtDNA to address genealogical questions.

4:00 – 4:30 — Q&A/Discussion Session


8:30 – 9:45 — Unknown Parentage and DNA, CeCe Moore

This session will explore the application of genetic genealogy to unknown parentage searches.

10:15 – 11:30 — Triangulation and “Mirror Trees”, CeCe Moore

Triangulation and “mirror trees” can both be valuable tools in genetic genealogy and unknown parentage research. This session will explore successful techniques and examples of each.

1:00 – 2:15 — Case Studies, CeCe Moore

Complex genetic genealogy and unknown parentage case studies utilizing multiple types of DNA and companies will be presented.

2:45 – 4:00 — The Intersection between Genetic Genealogy and Genetic Counseling, Brianne Kirkpatrick and Elizabeth Balkite

Genetic counselors are health professionals with specialized graduate degrees and experience in the areas of medical genetics, psychosocial counseling and education in genetic principles and inheritance. In this session, we will explore the intersection of genetic counseling and genetic genealogy and provide resources for genetic genealogists who encounter issues that may invoke the skills of a genetic counselor.

4:00 – 4:30 — Q&A/Discussion Session


8:30 – 9:45 — The Future of Genetic Genealogy, Blaine Bettinger

Although the first modern autosomal DNA tests launched just eight years ago, nearly 2.5 million people have purchased these tests. Where will the field of genetic genealogy be in another 10 years? When will you purchase your first epigenetic test? Your first whole genome sequence?

10:15 – 11:30 — Genetic Genealogy and the Professional, CeCe Moore

With the increasing interest in genetic genealogy from both the public and the media, the demand for professionals who can effectively address genealogical questions with DNA as well as work with the media is exploding.  We will explore what it takes to be a genetic genealogy professional.

11:30 — Wrap up and presentation of course completion certificates, CeCe Moore

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